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来自 交流平台 2020-01-05 19:21 的文章
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connect by递归查询基本语法是,如部门表

2、初始数据

INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('1', '0', '中国', '0', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('2', '0', '华北区', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('3', '0', '华南区', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('4', '0', '北京', '2', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('5', '0', '海淀区', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('6', '0', '丰台区', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('7', '0', '朝阳区', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('8', '0', '北京XX区1', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('9', '0', '北京XX区2', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('10', '0', '北京XX区3', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('11', '0', '北京XX区4', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('12', '0', '北京XX区5', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('13', '0', '北京XX区6', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('14', '0', '北京XX区7', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('15', '0', '北京XX区8', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('16', '0', '北京XX区9', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('17', '0', '北京XX区10', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('18', '0', '北京XX区11', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('19', '0', '北京XX区12', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('20', '0', '北京XX区13', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('21', '0', '北京XX区14', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('22', '0', '北京XX区15', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('23', '0', '北京XX区16', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('24', '0', '北京XX区17', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('25', '0', '北京XX区18', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('26', '0', '北京XX区19', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('27', '0', '北京XX区1', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('28', '0', '北京XX区2', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('29', '0', '北京XX区3', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('30', '0', '北京XX区4', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('31', '0', '北京XX区5', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('32', '0', '北京XX区6', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('33', '0', '北京XX区7', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('34', '0', '北京XX区8', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('35', '0', '北京XX区9', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('36', '0', '北京XX区10', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('37', '0', '北京XX区11', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('38', '0', '北京XX区12', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('39', '0', '北京XX区13', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('40', '0', '北京XX区14', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('41', '0', '北京XX区15', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('42', '0', '北京XX区16', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('43', '0', '北京XX区17', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('44', '0', '北京XX区18', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('45', '0', '北京XX区19', '4', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('46', '0', 'xx省1', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('47', '0', 'xx省2', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('48', '0', 'xx省3', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('49', '0', 'xx省4', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('50', '0', 'xx省5', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('51', '0', 'xx省6', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('52', '0', 'xx省7', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('53', '0', 'xx省8', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('54', '0', 'xx省9', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('55', '0', 'xx省10', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('56', '0', 'xx省11', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('57', '0', 'xx省12', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('58', '0', 'xx省13', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('59', '0', 'xx省14', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('60', '0', 'xx省15', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('61', '0', 'xx省16', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('62', '0', 'xx省17', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('63', '0', 'xx省18', '1', '0');
INSERT INTO `t_areainfo` VALUES ('64', '0', 'xx省19', '1', '0');

Oracle递归查询

3、向下递归

利用find_in_set()函数和group_concat()函数实现递归查询:

DROP FUNCTION IF EXISTS queryChildrenAreaInfo;
DELIMITER ;;
CREATE FUNCTION queryChildrenAreaInfo(areaId INT)
RETURNS VARCHAR(4000)
BEGIN
DECLARE sTemp VARCHAR(4000);
DECLARE sTempChd VARCHAR(4000);

SET sTemp='$';
SET sTempChd = CAST(areaId AS CHAR);

WHILE sTempChd IS NOT NULL DO
SET sTemp= CONCAT(sTemp,',',sTempChd);
SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(id) INTO sTempChd FROM t_areainfo WHERE FIND_IN_SET(parentId,sTempChd)>0;
END WHILE;
RETURN sTemp;
END
;;
DELIMITER ;

具体可以参考我以前写的一篇oracle方面的博客:

1、创建表

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `t_areainfo`;
CREATE TABLE `t_areainfo` (
 `id` int(11) NOT '0' AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `level` int(11) DEFAULT '0',
 `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT '0',
 `parentId` int(11) DEFAULT '0',
 `status` int(11) DEFAULT '0',
 PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=65 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
DELIMITER $$USE `gd_base`$$DROP FUNCTION IF EXISTS `getUnitChildList`$$CREATE DEFINER=`root`@`%` FUNCTION `getUnitChildList`(rootId INT) RETURNS VARCHAR(1000) CHARSET utf8BEGIN DECLARE sChildList VARCHAR(1000); DECLARE sChildTemp VARCHAR(1000); SET sChildTemp =CAST(rootId AS CHAR); WHILE sChildTemp IS NOT NULL DO IF (sChildList IS NOT NULL) THEN SET sChildList = CONCAT(sChildList,',',sChildTemp); ELSE SET sChildList = CONCAT(sChildTemp); END IF; SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(unit_code) INTO sChildTemp FROM LZCITY_APPROVE_UNIT_INFO WHERE FIND_IN_SET(para_unit_code,sChildTemp)0; END WHILE; RETURN sChildList;END$$DELIMITER ;

6、调用方式

查询id为"7"的节点的所有上级节点:

SELECT * from t_areainfo where FIND_IN_SET(id,queryChildrenAreaInfo1(7));

图片 1

 

getUnitChildList自定义函数

5、向上递归

DROP FUNCTION IF EXISTS queryChildrenAreaInfo1;
DELIMITER;;
CREATE FUNCTION queryChildrenAreaInfo1(areaId INT)
RETURNS VARCHAR(4000)
BEGIN
DECLARE sTemp VARCHAR(4000);
DECLARE sTempChd VARCHAR(4000);

SET sTemp='$';
SET sTempChd = CAST(areaId AS CHAR);
SET sTemp = CONCAT(sTemp,',',sTempChd);

SELECT parentId INTO sTempChd FROM t_areainfo WHERE id = sTempChd;
WHILE sTempChd <> 0 DO
SET sTemp = CONCAT(sTemp,',',sTempChd);
SELECT parentId INTO sTempChd FROM t_areainfo WHERE id = sTempChd;
END WHILE;
RETURN sTemp;
END
;;
DELIMITER ;

对于数据库中的树形结构数据,如部门表,有时候,我们需要知道某部门的所有下属部分或者某部分的所有上级部门,这时候就需要用到mysql的递归查询

对于数据库中的树形结构数据,如部门表,有时候,我们需要知道某部门的所有下属部分或者某部分的所有上级部门,这时候就需要用到mysql的递归查询

前言

4、调用方式

SELECT queryChildrenAreaInfo(1);

图片 2

查询id为"4"下面的所有节点

SELECT * FROM t_areainfo WHERE FIND_IN_SET(id,queryChildrenAreaInfo(4));

图片 3

select resultType="com.admin.system.unit.model.UnitModel" databaseId="oracle" select distinct u.unit_code, u.unit_name, u.unit_tel, u.para_unit_code from lzcity_approve_unit_info u start with 1 = 1 if test="unitCode != null and unitCode !=''" and u.unit_code = #{unitCode} /if if test="unitName!=null and unitName!=''" and u.unit_name like '%'|| #{unitName} ||'%' /if connect by prior u.unit_code = u.para_unit_code and u.unit_code u.para_unit_code /select

总结

oracle实现递归查询的话,就可以使用start with ... connect by

select 1 from 表格 start with ... connect by prior id = pId

下面主要介绍Mysql方面的实现,Mysql并没有提供类似函数,所以只能通过自定义函数实现,网上很多这种资料,不过已经不知道那篇是原创了,这篇博客写的不错,, 下面我也是用作者提供的方法实现自己的,先感谢作者的分享

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